quinta-feira, 4 de abril de 2013

Right to move.

Migration is a natural phenomenon. Since the very beginning of life, beings are, intentionally or unintentionally, migrating. Besides obstacles, life achieved even the toughest places on our planet, like volcanos and polar areas. But this movement is not always pacifical.

Anytime when better conditions of life are imagined in a distinct site, human migration occurs. Migration has taken humanity out of Africa to Europe, Asia, Oceania and, at lest, America. After some thousands of decades, all continents were occupied by humans seeking more resources as hunting, gathering, land, minerals or energy.

Many obstacles were always found by migrators, firstly, natural ones as mountains, rivers, deserts and seas. As societies have become sedentary, migrants groups have been finding extra difficulties because they are often seen as foes by the settled ones, who do not intend to share their resources.

Migration, aside, is able to assure surviving of specie. Challenges to life, especially climate changes, can be overcome by migrating to a place where weather becomes acceptable.

As much as freedom of trade and investments is claimed to be an imperative, the possibility of free movement of people must prevails. Liberalization as Globalization, using all the advanced technology of communication and transport, are getting possible to easily move wealth around earth.  National borders are getting less and less significant to investments. Thus, the same must apply to people. There is no reasonable fundament to maintain restrictions to people movement whether they need to follow the economic path cemented by wealth flowing.

Migration is as natural as trade. Besides the difficulties, it is in the root of life. Obstacles imposed by states to it are not only irrational but unfair, as wealth is free to move and settle wherever it judges is interesting. How could the prehistorical men be stopped to follow the hunting cattle?

segunda-feira, 1 de abril de 2013

Nationalism and Internationalism

Internationalism is a consequence of Nationalism. As a movement to separate territory and people among distinct units of power, absolutely independent, Nationalism created the need of Internationalism to provide possibilities to nations to help each other or make peace.

Nationalism is a political movement, based in cultural arguments, usually artificial, toward eliminating noble power, unifying the small portions of land of nobles, and resident people, under a “national” government. This movement was led by burgeons in modern and contemporary ages toward facilitating trade by unifying tax law and having easier access to the unique center of power.

Nevertheless, Nationalism has been the cause of several wars – specially the worst: the 2nd World War – in which governments claim neighbors are guilty of national problems. In this scenario, the Idea of Internationalism was born. Institutions over nations, but compounded by these nations, were thought and established to avoid conflicts among nations and provide ways of cooperation to them.

Nationalism and internationalism are two forces that push the governmental policies in the present. The evolution of history suggests that Internationalism will prevail, not without struggles and drawbacks.